Arabica vs. Robusta
There are two primary species of coffee beans produced around the world: Coffea Arabica and Coffea Robusta (commonly referred to as Arabica and Robusta).
Arabica beans, which represent 70% of the world’s coffee production, are most commonly grown at altitudes over 2,000 feet. Arabica beans typically produce mild, flavorful and aromatic coffee with approximately half the caffeine content of the Robusta beans. The top 10% of the world’s Arabica bean supply meets the quality standards of premium or specialty coffee production.
Robusta coffees are grown at altitudes below 2,000 feet, produce higher crop yields and are typically more disease resistant than Arabica bushes. Supermarket quality coffee is often made from a blend of Robusta and Arabica beans. It is a myth that just because a coffee is Arabica it is necessarily of a higher quality or that all Robustas are of poorer cup quality.